What can be used to cure concrete?

All concrete should be finished with a suitable curing regime, for example using Sika Antisol MP-10 curing agent.

Posted on: 10/05/2022
What factors influence the cost of making a structure watertight?

Any cost differential depends on several factors, such as:

  • Thickness of concrete section.
  • Location of site.
  • Size of project.
  • Access limitations.
  • Build schedule of project.
  • Joint Sealing

The cost of repairing a leaking basement, which didn't have adequate waterproofing measures at design stage, is usually many times more expensive than making the structure watertight at the start.

What is the current British Standard code for designing underground structures?

BS 8102:2022 Code of Practice for Protection of below ground structures against water ingress.

How long does Sika Watertight Concrete take to dry?

Drying is the escape of moisture from the concrete element. The rate of evaporation from the watertight concrete surface is slightly slower than conventional concrete due to its higher density and action of the admixtures themselves. It will be greatly affected by factors such as mix design, temperature, ventilation and curing regime. Depending on the requirements of any coatings to be applied to the surface, different levels of moisture may be acceptable.

How long does Sika Watertight Concrete take to cure?

Curing is the chemical reaction between cement and water which generates strength and density within the concrete. The curing time of WTC will be similar to plain concrete and should not affect time required to strike formwork, for example. Factors such as cement content, temperature and cement type will have a much greater influence on this aspect.

Does Sika offer on-site support for a Watertight Concrete system?

If the project requires a Sika guarantee, then site visits by Sikae technicians are required and supplied free of charge. Otherwise, site support would be on a project-by-project basis.

How are movement joints sealed?

Movement joints must be sealed with either a suitable internal or external waterbar or post-applied flexible strip (Sikadur Combiflex). These allow for differential movement of the adjacent concrete components. Please contact Sika for information on movement joint solutions to ensure the correct one is specified.

What is the minimum section thickness for Sika Watertight Concrete?

In general, the minimum section thickness is 175 mm but aim for 200 mm minimum section thickness to allow for tolerance in waterbar placement location.

What are the Sika recommended pour ratios for walls, slab and capping beams when using Watertight Concrete?

A pour schedule with joint locations would be normally agreed by the structural engineer and Sika's technical department prior to placing the concrete.

  • For vertical watertight concrete, walls should be poured in sections with a maximum aspect ratio (length to height) of 3:1, ending in a construction / day joint, but precise joint locations should be decided by the structural engineer. Dwarf walls with a height of <1 m may be extended to a 5:1 aspect ratio.
  • For horizontal watertight concrete slabs, the maximum area without a construction / day joint should in general be 400 m2, assuming the slab shape is close to 1:1 aspect ratio, but precise joint locations should be agreed with the structural engineer.
  • For capping beams, precise joint locations should be decided by the structural engineer in agreement with Sika’s technical department.
What is the cost difference between watertight concrete and standard bentonite “carpet” membrane per m2?

Where watertight concrete may be more expensive per/m3 than standard concrete, a membrane will come with an added cost of labour and time in the programme. In most situations reinforced concrete already forms part of the structure, so there is minimal extra labour and construction time required to incorporate watertight concrete admixture.

Please note that for a grade 3 structure, two forms of protection are often required and all projects should be viewed on their own merits based on risk, required internal environment and construction types and limitation.

In addition, when working alongside major warranty providers (NHBC etc), there maybe a requirement to use two forms of waterproofing to provide adequate protection.

Who do I contact for a Watertight Concrete mix design?

Mix designs are produced by the ready-mixed concrete supplier then checked and approved by the Sika Technical Services team.

What guarantees are available for Sika Watertight Concrete system?

Sika offers a 15 year guarantee for Sika Watertight Concrete system, including joint sealing. This increases to 20 years for certain dual waterproofing systems, where a type A or type C waterproofing solutions are installed in combination with the Sika Watertight Concrete or 25 years where three types are used.

Can Sika supply relevant standard details?

Yes, we have a full suite of standard details for all waterproof systems, also available on our waterproofing website.

Is Watertight Concrete gas-resistant?

Not as a standalone system but it can form part of a gas-resistant waterproofing specification incorporating a suitable gas barrier such as SikaProof or Sikaplan membranes. Overall basement ventilation should be considered, for example in basement car parks, the building may already have appropriate ventilation due to the layout of access ramps for cars whereas a habitable basement may require a forced ventilation system.

Can I use a volumetric truck to supply Watertight Concrete?

Yes, generally a liquid admixture (Sika-1+) works best through this type of mixer to allow constant feed during production. Concrete producers operating volumetric trucks should have third party quality accreditation and current calibration certificates for all their vehicles. If a Sika Guarantee is required, an audit of the quality procedures by Sika’s Technical Department will be required prior to starting the project.

What information is required to get a Sika guarantee?

1. A Sika Specification document for the project must be issued by a Sika Specification Manager.
2. A Sika tool-box talk is given to the installing operatives prior to commencement on site.
3. A Sika Technician has performed at least one interim site visit.
4. Any actions and non-conformities identified in the Site Attendance Log have been completed to Sika’s satisfaction.
5. A Final Assessment has been completed prior to commencing internal works, i.e. plastering or covering over the concrete. The areas must be clear, dry and accessible for the Final Assessment.
6. Complete and return the Sika Application for Waterproofing Guarantee form.

The Final Assessment must be carried out with no exceptions. It is the installing contractor’s responsibility to inform Sika they are ready for the assessment. All Sika waterproofing materials must be or have been available for visual check, this includes any repairs carried out by either the Contractor, Sika Limited, or their appointed specialist contractor.

Any areas of waterproofing that were / are not available for assessment may be excluded from any guarantee. When all parties are satisfied that a successful job has been achieved, the Sika Application for Waterproofing Guarantee form must be completed by the installing contractor and returned to Sika within 12 months of final assessment.

What's the deciding factor when considering which type of Watertight Concrete option to go with? Are there any environments where one type works better than another?

Both are covered by the same Sika guarantee.

  • In areas of constant water pressure against the structure, this will fully utilise the crystallising effects of WT-200 P.
  • In areas with variable water table, pore blocker may be the preferred option.
What joint sealing products are used with Watertight Concrete, and do they have to be Sika's?

There are many types of joint sealing solutions depending on the application and conditions. Generally, for construction joints Hydrophilic Strips (SikaSwell) are popular, but coated metal strips (Sika Metalsheet FBV), Injection hoses (SikaFuko) or PVC Waterbars can also be used as part of the system. All are compatible with watertight concrete and at least one Sika joint protection system should be used in a continuous network in order to receive the Sika Guarantee.

If the wall is 3 metres high, how far can I pour the length of the wall?

9 metres in most situations, but precise joint locations should be decided by the structural engineer in agreement with Sika’s technical department. Joint sealing details should be agreed between pours.

What crack width should the concrete be designed to for Watertight Concrete basements?

The structural concrete element is to be designed in accordance with the flexural and thermal crack limitations stated in the relevant sections of BS EN 1992 Eurocode 2, with maximum crack widths of 0.3 mm or 0.2 mm, depending on design criteria and application, and as stated in relevant product BBA Certification.